Archimedes was born c. 287 BC in the seaport city of Syracuse, Sicily, at that time a colony of Magna Graecia. The date of birth is based on a statement by the Byzantine Greek historian John Tzetzes that Archimedes lived for 75 years.
He was was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer. More Information on Archimedes can be found on Wikipedia.
Below are some stamps created in honor of Archimedes: